The lineage of Cimande Macan Guling hails from the town of Serang in the Banten region of West Java. The founder of this school, Abah Djahari, died in 1992 at the age of 80 (although some sources claim that his real age was in fact 118 years). He had two sons, Pak Juhro and Pak Anggling; and one daughter called Ibu Uwok. He was the eldest of four brothers. His siblings were Mbok Isah, Mbok Salmi, and Mbok Arfad.
During his lifetime Abah Djahari lived in the village of Nangklak, which is about 2 hours south-east of Serang by car. The site of his tomb is located in Nangklak, not far from his old house. His son Pak Juhro continues to live and teach Cimande Macan Guling in Nangklak to this day.
In his youth, Abah Djahari studied the traditional Cimande system with 3 teachers: Abah Jakim (in Pandeglang), and Abah Wakin (in Serang). The name of his third teacher seems lost to time and is absent from the memories of the local people.
It is unanimously agreed that Abah Djahari was an extraordinary figure who possessed exceptional gifts in the mystical realm. For example, it is said that he was able to contact the soul of Abah Kahir (the founder of the Cimande system) wherever there was simply a handful of Javanese soil. Legend further states that Abah Djahari also came into mystical contact with the very powerful spirit of a tiger in the region of west Java.
With abilities such as this, he began to modify the Cimande he had studied based on his « contacts » with Abah Kahir and also the « Blessings of God » which he merited. The style he developed can therefore be regarded as an evolution, or refinement of the original Cimande, enhanced by his communications with the Unseen World. The kelidan (parries) are in the traditional style of Abah Kahir, while the jurus bawa (striking), langkahs (footwork) and pancer (explosive punches) were developed as the result of his supernatural gifts. It is said that the tiger spirit followed Abah Djahari throughout his life and was always by his side wherever he went.
Abah Djahari simply used the name Cimande to refer to the style he taught at Nangklak and also in the neighborhood of Kebon Sawo in Serang. He then created the TTKKDH organization which encompassed the Cimande he taught in these two places. Well before and independent of any relationship with the TTKKDH of Bogor or Serang.
During this period, Abah Djahari came to know one Abah Rahman, an accomplished practitioner of several pencak silat styles including Cikalong. Abah Rahman was aware of Abah Djahari’s extraordinary reputation, and immediately asked to be accepted as a student. Abah Rahman then began to study Abah Djahari’s Cimande.
Several years later, Abah Rahman asked his teacher’s permission to teach Cimande under the appellation Cimande Macan Guling. Abah Djahari gave his blessing and Abah Rahman also began to teach in the Kebon Sawo district of Serang.
It is important to point out that Abah Rahman brought his own personal interpretations to the teachings. That is why even today there are students of Abah Rahman who have modified a langkah; added a knife technique or a punch in a pancer; etc. It is considered to be a « personal contribution ». In present day Serang, there are some gurus descended from Abah Djahari that teach an unmodified version of the style; and there are gurus who studied with Abah Rahman that teach a version of the style replete with variations.
Abah Rahman died in 1996 at Serang at the age of 60. His death was followed 40 days of mourning in which there was great uncertainty regarding the future of his style in Serang. He had 5 children (2 sons and 3 daughters). His wife is still lives alive in the district of Kebon Sawo.
Abah Rahman began to teach Cimande Macan Guling in 1976 when he joined the PPPSBBI. At that time Cimande was split into 2 distinct groups. Those who had joined PPPSBBI used the appellation Cimande Macan Guling under Abah Rahman and those who created the TTKKDH of Serang. Today these 2 structures still remain intact. The technical content of both is very similar, reflecting common origin.
At that time, Abah Djahari decided to use the appellation of Pusaka Medal for his teaching in the village of Nangklak. Today, Pak Juhro – the son of Abah Djahari – is the current Guru Besar of the style and teaches Pusaka Medal in Nangklak. Pak Anggling – another son of Abah Djahari – is one of the current Guru Besar of Cimande Macan Guling in Serang.
The schools of Pusaka Medal and Cimande Macan Guling are now on very good terms and frequently found together for various events. One of the most important events of the year is the Keceran – which is a festival held between privileged and Pusaka Medal Cimande Macan Guling, sponsred by Pak Anggling personally for the benefit of all.
There are more than 15,000 practitioners of Cimande Macan Guling since its inception in 1976, making it one of the most developed styles in Serang today.
edited by Jeff Davidson
CIMANDE MACAN GULING SYLLABUS :
- 17 jurus kosong (empty hands jurus)
- 5 jurus bawa (mystical empty hands jurus)
- 21 Kelids (jurus with partner)
- 7 rickesan (21 kelids summary)
- 4 pepedangan (7 rickesan summary)
- 1 bantingan (closing jurus)
- 3 langkahs (shifting form with partner)
- 2 pancer (shifting form developping lightning strikes)
- 3 golok jurus dasar (Jurus with Golok)
- 4 igelan (dance) Tapak Duah, tapak Tiga, Tapak Empat, Golempangan